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ROUTES OF HIV TRANSMISSION

  • Injury with needles or sharp instruments contaminated with blood, body fluids
  • Contact between open wounds, broken skin (for example, dermatitis), mucous membranes, and contaminated blood, body fluids
  • Transfusion of infected blood or blood products

PREVENTING TRANSMISSION OF INFECTION

Take care of your patients, your co-workers and yourself:

  • Do not recap needles
  • Set up sharps containers where sharps are used
  • Do not use same injection set on more than one patient
  • Dispose of your own sharps
  • Pass needles, scalpels, scissors with care and consideration

Every hospital should have clear guidelines for management of injury or exposure to infectious materials

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